Creepin red fescue, slender creeping red fescue, chewings fescue, hard fescue, blue fescue are all types of fine fescue grass. Meadow fescue is … Casler also collected some seed and developed it into a variety called “Hidden Valley.” Interestingly, meadow fescue has been used continuously in northern Europe and there are many named varieties, many of which have since begun to be sold in the U.S. My wife recently commented on how beautiful the wildflowers were in a local hayfield. While tall fescue has a slight edge on yield, meadow fescue has been found to have superior neutral detergent fiber digestibility and is much more palatable as a pasture species. Height 40 to 80 cm forming only small tufts and with leaves only 4 mm wide (with fine toothed less rough edges than Tall Fescue). It has excellent fiber digestibility and palatability to livestock. Meadow and tall fescue were common in America by at least the 1870’s. Red fescue can provide an instant effect if purchased in sod form or can be germinated by seed for full coverage with in a few weeks. (The neutral detergent fiber levels were comparable at the time of the first cut: 47 to 49 percent.). It grows in meadows, roadsides, old pastures, and riversides on moist, rich soils, especially on loamy and heavy soils. A deep-rooted grass that produces well during the summer and retains its feed quality after being frosted. 0000040911 00000 n This monthly publication is tailored for all segments of the beef industry and will consistently provide compelling features and photography, timely news, expert industry voices and entertaining commentary. Is there someone in your life who occasionally reorganizes your possessions without prior consultation? If so, you are probably familiar with the joy of rediscovering prized possessions. 0000491598 00000 n Recent thinking has altered the Latin so that the flat leaved fescues (meadow fescue and tall fescue) have been given their own genus, separate from the finer leaved fescues. It is a tall, tufted grass similar to the tall fescue, Festuca arundinacea. It doesn't handle cold as well, however, and in very cold climates, it may be prone to thinning. Meadow fescue is a cool-season grass with excellent winter hardiness. It grows from 15 - 80 cm tall. Once established, it also performs well under drier conditions for making hay or silage. The shorter branch at each whorl of the inflorescence bears only 1 or 2 spikelets (Tall Fescue (Schedonorus arundinaceus) usually has 4). 0000048153 00000 n Combining high yielding meadow fescues with extremely digestible soft leaf tall fescues, Milkway provides exceptionally high NDFd and thus an improved rate of digestion, while the soft leaf tall fescues provide stable NDF and NDFd throughout the season. Both are closely related to perennial and annual ryegrass, and improved varieties sometimes are created by crossing these species with tall fescue. Page. Best grown in full sun to part shade. . 0 In the environment of the Northeast, the foliar disease “net blotch” afflicts meadow fescue more than other species I have seen. It is more productive in midsummer than brome. Festuca arundinacea. It grows in meadows, roadsides, old pastures, and riversides on moist, rich soils, especially on loamy and heavy soils. Meadow Fescue Grass Festuca elatior L. The most common of the genus is the Meadow Fescue, which was introduced from Europe many years ago. Despite several inquiries, my mother (also a very organized person) could not provide information regarding its whereabouts. A perennial species. Festuca pratensis, the meadow fescue, is a perennial species of grass, which is often used as an ornamental grass in gardens, and is also an important forage crop.. It has excellent early season growth, even after a hard winter. While fescue is not a bad word in my lexicon, there are some who have a visceral reaction to it because of the baggage it carries from toxic endophyte-infected tall fescue varieties. Read More. The upright growth habit makes me think that light interception would be optimized if a broadcast seeder (e.g., Gandy or Brillion types) was used instead of a grain drill. Festuca elatior means Tall Fescue, and Festuca pratensis means Meadow Fescue. On good soils, meadow fescue surpasses perennial ryegrass in summer production. = Festuca pratensis Huds.] Provide forward-thinking forage producers with practical, unbiased, researched forage articles to educate and inform. 0000024146 00000 n in length. Tall fescue contains three genomes (PPG1G1G2G2) and is an allohexaploid (2n = 6x = 42), meaning that the six sets of chromosomes present in tall fescue have been derived from different ancestor species (see Chapter 2). This is the alkaloid that protects the plant from drought and heat. Nearly no maintenance. This species deserves a better place in the USA forage market. Beauv.] Recently, a molecular analysis of different accessions of a world germplasm collection of tall fescue has demonstrated that it contains different species from the genus Festuca and allowed their rapid classification into the three major morphotypes (Continental, Mediterranean and Rhizomatous). For example, a 200-cow dairy with milk at $18 per hundredweight, that works out to be $33,000 worth of additional milk. Retu, were compared with those of meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis Huds.). Photos courtesy of Daniel Hudson. Progressive Cattle magazine captures the essence of the cattle producer and ranching experience. In first‐year swards, there were no significant differences in total DM yield between tall fescue and meadow fescue but, in the second‐ and third‐year swards, tall fescue produced significantly higher DM yields than meadow fescue. 0000029773 00000 n This cool-season grass is a viable forage choice for alfalfa-grass mixtures. Collar (Meadow Fescue) Tall Fescue. It stays green all year round and is ideal for premium lawns. Broadleaf plants included wild mustard, musk thistle, Virginia pepperweed and others. Meadow Fescue can handle wet soils better than many other common forage grasses and is best used in a higher moisture environment rather than one prone to drought. Strengths. You might occasionally hear of a plant breeder or agronomist “rediscovering” a crop that has fallen entirely out of use. While no mowing is needed for its handsome long and natural meadow-like look, light cuts in November and February with a light over seed will ensure this lawn’s vibrancy. It is a species livestock producers should seriously consider, but it is not a panacea and will not perform the same in all environments. Progressive Forage is the Forage Industry Resource for progressive hay, silage and pasture producers. Map of the United States, showing the meadow fescue region 5 2. If you have children, active dogs, or are simply planning on spending a lot of time in your yard, you won’t have to worry about wearing down your fescue grass. Yes, if the fiber digestibility is higher, they will eat more, etc., but most producers would be glad to deal with that “problem” if their cows are more productive and efficient. Because fescue grass fares better in colder weather, it requires more maintenance in the summer. 0000025237 00000 n FiQ. Comparing the first-cut seeding-year forage quality data I have from a local farm last year, the 30-hour neutral detergent fiber digestibility of meadow fescue was about 6 percent higher for meadow fescue than tall fescue. While meadow fescue shares forage quality and palatability characteristics with ryegrasses, these species differ in that meadow fescue is useful for haylage, dry hay and pasture, while in many environments, ryegrasses are difficult to dry sufficiently for dry hay production. startxref 0000040523 00000 n Comparison of tall fescue with meadow fescue 19 Seed habits of tall fescue 19 Rust resistance of tall fescue 20 Importance of tall fescue 21 Summary 22 361 3 . Panicle of tall fescue 20 7. For lactating cow forage, the mixture of alfalfa with meadow fescue and tall fescue resulted in higher yields and higher-quality forage compared to alfalfa alone. From what I can tell, the limited adoption of meadow fescue seems to be due to forage/livestock producers generally not being familiar with it and, for those averse to tall fescue, having the word “fescue” in the name inducing a negative reaction. It’s non invasive, it will not end up in your gardens. The sheaths are smooth, thick and leathery, and the lower ones are very slow to decay. Tall fescue, like many other fescues, has a deep root system and is a perennial grass well adapted to cool seasons. Weed Man 95,493 views. Tall fescue closely resembles meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis Huds.). 0000462766 00000 n 1.1 Meadow fescue Meadow fescue (family Poaceae) is one of about 600 species in the fescue genus (Šmarda et al., 2008). Anecdotally, in small plots in New England, the dry matter yield of plots seeded at 8 pounds per acre is not too different from plots seeded with 12 or 35 pounds per acre. Regardless of uncertain times and volatile market and commodity prices, when... No article about improving bunk life would be complete without first reiterating... Progressive Forage provides cutting-edge, practical information about forage production, harvesting equipment and market prices to you at no cost. Bermuda, on the other hand, is a fast-growing variety of lawn grass that’s characterized by moderately thick leaves. Tuft of tall fescue in bloom, showing foliage and seed habits 21 881 4 ^