The genus name 'Rumex' refers to a noun meaning acid. Scientific Name(s): Rumex crispus L. Common Name(s): Curled dock, Curly dock, Narrow dock, Rumex, Sour dock, Yellow dock Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. from the June 23, 2013 Newsletter issued from the Frio Canyon Nature Education Center in the valley of the Dry Frio River in northern Uvalde County, southwestern Texas, on the southern border of the Edwards Plateau, USA Fermented Curly Dock Leaves. Side Effects. Other Common Names: Chin-ch’iao-mai, curled dock, curly dock, garden patience, narrow dock, parell, patience herb, sour dock. Fresh leaves of curly dock can be crushed and rubbed on areas of the skin that have been stung by nettles, to relieve the stinging. The roots of yellow dock exert a laxative effect; however, research reveals no clinical data regarding the use of yellow dock to treat any condition. To make the ointment, which is used for itching and swollen glands, the root is boiled in vinegar; the pulp is then mixed with an agent such as lard. We have quite of few dock species, many of them preferring wet soil. It is a bitter tonic, astringent, gentle laxative, and alterative. Also called yellow dock, the yellow root helps to increase bile production which is also yellow in color. Curly dock comes back each year, both from the few seeds that drop close by, before they are carried away by the wind, and also from their root system. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) is a perennial weed with a thick taproot.Leaves grow mostly at the base of the plant and are lance-shaped with wavy or curly margins. What is yellow dock? The flowers are long green spikes which turn reddish brown on maturity. However, both plants have in the past been called 'yellow dock' from the color of the roots, which even William Cook notes are practically indistinguishable from each other. Curly dock is a variable species that hybridizes with other dock species. Leaf blades are 6 to 8 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide. Roadside weeds are typically sprayed with herbicides and should be avoided. Fresh leaves of curly dock can be crushed and rubbed on areas of the skin that have been stung by nettles, to relieve the stinging. Add salt to roughly 3 cups of water and pour over curly dock leaves, leaving at least 1 inch of headspace in the jar. Leaves are variable in shape, the lower leaves, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 1.5 to 30 centimeters long, the upper leaves narrowly oblong or lanceolate, 8 to 16 centimeters long, with either sharp or obtuse apex, and rounded at the base. Description. PubMed:Carbohydrase inhibition and anti-cancerous and free radical scavenging properties along with DNA and protein protection ability of methanolic root extracts of Rumex crispus. Rumex crispus, curly dock or curled dock, is a perennial flowering plant in the family Polygonaceae.. Its leaves may be eaten as part of a salad dish, but its roots are the ones with medicinal value. 2 large handfuls of young curly dock leaves 1 T salt(5ml) 1 clean quart-sized Mason jar. For information about preparing curly dock root for potential medicinal uses, check out How to Harvest, Prepare, and Use Yellow Dock Root Medicinally by Survival Sherpa. Yellow dock root is a shrub that originally grew only in Europe and Asia but has spread to North America. Preserving Curly Dock Leaves. Herb – Curly Dock – Yellow Dock Root – Rumex crispus . Root is a yellow man shaped, pointing down, that helps downward movement in digestive tract. PubMed: Rumex L. species induce apoptosis in 1301, EOL-1 and H-9 cell lines. When you dig up this plant, you find a long golden color tap root. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). ---Description---It is a large and spreading plant, its stout stems 2 to 3 feet high, the leaves 6 to 12 inches long, with rather slender foot-stalks, the margins waved and the end or apex of the leaf rounded.The flowers are small, green and numerous, arranged in whorled spikes at the ends of the stem. (The roots, not the foliage. It’s a cleansing laxative. Medical studies have shown that yellow dock root is also a liver stimulator, aiding in cleansing the blood. It is a gentle and safe laxative, less powerful than rhubarb in its action so it is particularly useful in the treatment of mild constipation. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. Botanical Name: Rumex crispus. Habitat: Yellow dock is indigenous to Europe and parts of Africa, but like many medicinal herbs it has been carried beyond its native borders by travelers. We're talking about the Rumex with long taproots, such as Rumex crispus, commonly called curly dock, and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad-leaved dock. Curly Dock is distinguished by its curly leaf margins, its long leaf petioles, and the reddish spots developing as the leaves age. Broad Leaf Dock. Traditionally, yellow dock root has been thought to be a blood purifier and general detoxifier, especially for the liver. Curly dock is an erect, simple and sparingly branched plant, growing to a height of 30 to 90 centimeters. The root system consists of a stout taproot that has a pale yellow interior. Yellow Dock (Rumex crispus) Most fields, waste places, roadsides, and weedy yards are good locations to find yellow dock (aka ~ curly dock, sour dock, narrow dock, garden patience and curled dock. This plant spread by reseeding itself. Learn all about it's medicinal benefits from Brigitte Mars, David Winston and Matthew Wood. Yellow Dock. Burdock root is a vegetable that’s native to northern Asia and Europe. Also known as curly dock, yellow dock (Rumex crispus) is a member of the buckwheat family. Curly dock is found throughout the United states. Yellow dock is so beautiful in the fall landscape. The attribute 'crispus' means curled, which alludes to the curly and wavy leaves of this species, as does the common name 'curled dock'. Curly dock leaves, blanched and ready for the freezer. Herbalists the world over use the root for many physical ailments. Broad leaf dock is similar to curly dock in its growth habit (taproot, mucilaginous) but its leaves lack the highly wavy margin of curly dock. Herb: Curled Dock Latin name: Rumex crispus Synonyms: Rumex elongatus Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) Medicinal use of Curled Dock: Curled dock has a long history of domestic herbal use. Any part of the root that is left in the soil will only produce new plants. The flower grows 2 to 3 feet in height and appears from April to July. In Western herbalism, the root is often used for treating anemia, due to its high level of iron. Yellow dock herbs have been used for centuries, valued for their medicinal and nutritional qualities. It is now found in most places including the United States and southern Canada. Take a clean quart sized canning jar and place rolled leaves into jar. The root of curly dock is yellow and intensely bitter. It is a bitter tonic, astringent, gentle laxative, and alterative. Curly Dock root is used to condition the gall bladder and liver. This perennial herb, which is often considered to be a weed, grows wild in many areas of North America. Yellow dock may also be made into capsules or tea. Because the root is exceptionally long, the plant is difficult to remove. Wash your curly dock leaves well. While it has traditionally been used for medicinal purposes, I prefer to use it in cocktail bitters. It is easy to spot and identify in the second year of growth. Curly dock is a cross-pollinated species that exhibits great variation in morphology and physiological characteristics. Perhaps just another word for dye and perhaps it had a use as a "paint" that was not documented. The root and fruits are used as medicine. Clinical Overview Use. You also cannot employ animals to graze on curly dock as a control because of the plant’s toxicity to livestock. Burdock root has been used for centuries in holistic medicine to treat a variety of different conditions. It may be found growing in abundance in waste places, roadsides or even dumps and ditches. Curly Dock root is used to tonify the gall bladder and liver. )… The herb, properly known as Rumex crispus, supports detoxification from a few angles.First off, yellow dock root stimulates bile production, which helps digestion, particularly of fats. They can lay dormant for up to 50 years. Curly Dock has characteristics of being sour, and somewhat astringent. Normally, yellow dock grows and flourishes on odd places like abandoned lands, along the roads and even in ditches and trenches. Yellow Dock or Curled Dock (Rumex crispus) This native of Europe is found along roadsides, fields, and waste ground throughout U.S. and southern Canada (Gleason and Cronquist, 1996). The root is additionally bitter. A curly dock plant produces around 40,000 seeds per year. The most successful methods of controlling curly dock are mowing it down regularly, where applicable, and the regular use of herbicides. Due to the lack of viable seed in turf areas, curly dock spreads by root fragments. The flower of curly dock is almost never found in mowed turf situations. Herbalists the world over use the root for many physical ailments. Besides being beneficial, the overuse or prolonged use of yellow dock root may also cause certain side effects. There is a certain plant used for dyes that is closely related to the curly dock that the Zuni used for dyes, but it's name in Zuni meant paint. It withstands drought, temporary flooding, and occasional mowing. In Western herbalism, the root is often used for treating anemia, due to its high level of iron. ROUND-LEAVED DOCK Botanical: Rumex obtusifolius---Synonyms---Common Wayside Dock.Butter Dock. Yellow dock has the “crisp” leaves with curly edges. Curly dock is a tall plant that has broad green leaves that curl along the edges. Gastrointestinal problems The leaf stalks are used in salads. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page The Latin name Rumex crispus was given by Linnaeus and appears to be the only name used in modern literature. Last updated on Aug 24, 2020. Yellow dock is prepared for medicinal use as a syrup, a tincture, or an ointment. The yellow root helps to increase bile production which is also yellow in color. Direct application of curly dock (Rumex crispus) will give a yellow coloration. 1. Curly dock is good forage for humans, though such is not the case for livestock. Curly dock establishes from seeds only at open, disturbed sites; it does not tolerate competition or tillage. Each year, these plants must be cleared away from areas where livestock and other animals can reach them. It propagates from seed. Yellow dock is more wide-ranging. Cultivation: Curly Dock occurs at sites with full sun, moist to dry conditions, and soil containing loam, clay-loam, or gravelly material. Yellow dock is generally cultivated Wild. 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